Unfortunately, the human respiratory system does not always cope with their functions and perform the tasks assigned to her by nature. In this case we are talking about a variety of respiratory diseases, particularly in the lungs.
In just a few years respiratory disease may take third place in the ranking of the most common. It should be remembered that any lung pathology can be fatal.
Lung pathology includes pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis, and lung cancer.
Some lung diseases in numbers and facts
Unfortunately, the human respiratory system is not always able to cope with its functions and perform the tasks assigned to it by nature. In this case we are talking about a variety of respiratory diseases, particularly in the lungs.
Keep in mind that any lung pathology can be fatal. Important information about some of the most common ones.
According to medical statistics, it ranks fourth among all ailments that are potentially fatal to humans. Even today, despite the fairly high level of development of modern medicine, different causes, course of the disease, united under the collective name “pneumonia”, sometimes lead the patient to the most tragic finale, taking the very life. It is difficult to say exactly how many episodes of pneumonia actually occurs each year in the world, mostly among the population of economically disadvantaged countries. After all, some cases simply go undiagnosed.
More often than not, pneumonia is fatal for the most disadvantaged, the homeless, residents of nursing homes, the elderly, and children. And also for invalids and those whose health has been undermined by chronic respiratory diseases, cardiopathologies, injuries, etc. Community-acquired pneumococcal infection is the most frequent culprit of pneumonia in Russians. According to official data, children in our country fall ill at its “mercy” in 94 cases out of 100, the adults in 76 out of 100. Mankind is threatened by an atypical form of the disease which is difficult to diagnose. Sneaking up “on soft feet”, it sometimes masquerades as a banal viral infection. It can be difficult to recognize, as the primary symptoms of pneumonia are hidden behind the secondary ones.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
In the International Classification, its name sounds exactly like that. But a separate line for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was formed relatively recently, in 1998, based on a joint document of the World Health Organization and the American Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The word “disease” is used precisely in the plural, combining in fact different stages of the obstructive disease itself and some other pathologies. For example, tuberculosis. There are about 14 million registered patients in the United States. According to the results of research by the Global Alliance for the Prevention of Chronic Respiratory Diseases (under the WHO aegis), over 22 million Russians are familiar with COPD symptoms. The global “team” numbers 600 million patients. Every second on our planet at least one person dies because of it. The highest mortality rate among people diagnosed with COPD has been registered in Hungary. Out of 100 thousand deaths caused by COPD in Hungary 41.4 are the result of the disease.
This very serious lung disease, formerly known by the aptly named “consumption” continues to claim lives, just as it did many centuries ago.
People’s health is increasingly threatened by drug-resistant or resistant forms of the disease.
Each year, one million patients worldwide are newly diagnosed with this pathology. 60% of them, despite all the efforts of modern medicine, face an unfavorable prognosis. The formidable disease remains problem number 1, as it leads in the number of fatal outcomes among other oncopathologies.
The success of lung cancer treatment is directly related to the speed of seeking medical care. If the disease is diagnosed and a fight against it begins at an early stage, there is real hope for recovery in 80% of patients. When a person does not pay attention to alarming symptoms, stubbornly does not go to the doctor or ignores medical advice, the chances of survival are rapidly decreasing. Among those who decide to give up on their own health, the risk of dying within two years rises to 87%.
What is the prevention of respiratory diseases?
A huge role in the prevention of various respiratory pathologies is given to specific prevention (vaccination), which allows you to form immunity to a particular disease. Non-specific prophylaxis consists in fighting the negative factors of life, which provoke the development of marked clinical manifestations of lung diseases after their asymptomatic or sterile course and determine their subsequent development.
Important! Among the negative factors, smoking (including passive smoking) is the most important. Exactly this addiction increases the risk of cancer of the respiratory organs up to 30 times! The success of treatment and prevention of respiratory diseases directly depend on timely diagnosis. Periodic monitoring of a person’s lungs can detect disease even at the earliest stages. The study of dynamic changes in the lungs is shown primarily to primary patients with symptoms of pathologies of the respiratory system, people with previously identified chronic diseases to monitor the condition and evaluate the effectiveness of treatment (we are talking not only about lung disease, but many other pathologies associated with them), patients before any surgical interventions, smokers, workers of harmful industries and residents of environmentally unfriendly regions.
How to avoid lung problems? There are several rules to follow: give up bad habits, avoid hypothermia, spend more time outdoors, maintain optimal temperature and humidity indices indoors, do regular wet cleaning, exercise, take a contrast shower, get enough sleep, avoid stress, eat healthy and healthy food, follow a drinking regime, have an examination every year, take a lung X-ray or fluorography.