Every year since 1988, on December 1, World AIDS Awareness Day has been celebrated. This day serves as a reminder of the need to unite the efforts of both states and society to act to reduce the devastating effects of the AIDS epidemic.

The story of AIDS shows us humans as part of life on Earth, how people understand what the disease is, that it is a condition that causes pain in the human body, and how society reacts when so many people get sick.

AIDS caused a particular horror; in the beginning, it struck a large group of young, healthy, active, life-loving men. Condemnation fell upon these people, people called the disease the blue plague, God’s punishment, even though they themselves had sinned just as much.

AIDS revealed the viciousness of society toward the sick unfortunate person, i.e., instead of compassion, participation, and support, it subjected them to ridicule, jabs, and persecution.

For a long time, AIDS has not left Africa, affecting Africans. The disease was not easy to identify because it has a very long latent incubation period, i.e., from the moment of infection until AIDS develops, it can take several years, decades without any visible signs.

How AIDS is transmitted:

  • Through blood: most often by injecting drugs, but can also be transmitted by tattooing with non-sterile tools outside specialized institutions.
  • During unprotected sexual contact without using a condom. Even a single sexual contact can lead to AIDS infection.
  • From an AIDS-infected mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding (if untreated).

How to reduce the risk of AIDS infection.

  • Be faithful to your sexual partner and avoid casual sex;
  • Use a condom;
  • Seek medical help promptly in case of inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system and sexually transmitted infections;
  • Avoid injecting drugs;
  • Not use injectable drugs; and only have invasive procedures (tattoos, piercings, etc.) performed in specialized establishments;
  • Use only individual items of personal hygiene (razors, manicures, etc.).
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